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The prevalence and determent of HIV/AIDS Risky practices among students Afar Regional State, Northeast, Ethiopia 2019

Frewein Yilma
Human immunodeficiency virus deficiency virus remains as a serious public health importance. Practices that expose them to risk of contracting sexual transmitted diseases included HIV/AIDS is that the major effective driver. The aim of the study was to assess risky practices and associated factors for HIV/AIDS infection among students Afar Regional State Northeast, Ethiopia. An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from Decembers 10, 2019 to January 12, 2020, among regular students who resided in university and college students. A pretested structured questionnaire was used per collect of the data. Using the systematic random sampling technique, a total of 800 respondents participated in the study. The data were entered into EPI info version 3.5.3 and moved to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Descriptive statistics bi-variate and multi variable analyses were done. A p-value < 0.05 was considered the statistical significance of the association between factors (independent variables) and risky sexual activity. The Odds’ ratio was also used to determine the presence and the degree of association between dependent and independent variables. Among 800 respondents, the magnitude of risky sexual behaviors was found to be 33.1%... The most predictor variables for risky sexual behavior among the students were marital status (AOR = 3.18, 95% CI = 1.96–5.17), year of study (AOR = 3.57, 95% CI = 2.13–5.96), ever visted to nightclubs (AOR = 7.11, 95% CI = 4.88–10.37) and ever chewing Khat (AOR = 2.78, 95% CI = 1.56–4.96) were statistically associated with risky sexual practice. The prevalence of risky HIV/AIDS practice was high, and 33.1% of study participants were engaged in risky practice. Efforts to increase Awareness creation activity on the importance of safer sex behaviors and consequences of substance use like chewing khat through health education and counseling are highly recommended. Read More

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